How to Can Everything ~ 100+ Canning Recipes from A to Z



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Once you start canning food at home, you’ll want to find canning recipes to put up everything in a convenient shelf-stable package.  Home canning is easy, but it can be hard to find quality canning recipes online since this vintage skill mostly harkens back to a time before computers.   

How to Can Everything ~ Canning Recipes for Putting Up The Harvest

How to Can Everything ~ Canning Recipes for Putting Up The Harvest

Beyond that, it can be tough to hunt down canning recipes in the middle of summer when all your crops are coming in and you’ve got a full plate (and a full harvest basket!).  No worries, I’ve got you covered!  I’ve collected all the best canning recipes for putting up the harvest all in one place, organized from A to Z by crop.

Here’s how to can everything from Apples to Zucchini, including recipes for less common canned goods like meats and soups, and fun crops like husk cherries and beautyberries.  I’ll be adding to this list as the season progresses, so bookmark it or pin it for later.

If you’re completely new to canning, it’s important to know that there are two main methods: Water Bath Canning and Pressure Canning.  High acid foods, like most fruits, juices, jams, and syrups can be safely water bath canned in a simple pot of boiling water.  Low acid foods like meats, vegetables, and even some low acid fruits require a pressure canner (different than a pressure cooker) for safe processing at much higher temperatures.  Please be sure you’re using the right method for the food you’re canning.

For visual learners, my friend Melissa has a Canning with Confidence Course that takes you through everything you need to know to begin safely canning food at home.  If you’re looking for just one canning recipe book, I’d suggest The Ball Complete Book of Home Canning, as it’s the most complete canning resource I’ve found (with over 400 recipes).

Apples

Apples are an easy crop to can at home, and they’re perfect for water bath canning.  Apple canning recipes don’t need any added sugar or acid, as the apples contain plenty of both already.  Feel free to add your favorite seasonings and any amount of sugar you’d like, based on your own tastes.

Some apples make a silky smooth sauce after just a few minutes of cooking, while others hold together better and even remain crisp after processing for the best-canned pie fillings.  Choosing the right apple variety will really improve the flavor and consistency of your home-canned apple preserves.

Apple Pie Filling Recipe for Canning

Apple Pie Filling Recipe for Canning

Home Canned Apple Pie Filling

Apricots

Growing up in California, I remember being buried in fruit when the apricot harvest came ripe all at once.  Apricot jam is delicious, but you can only eat so much. 

Try any of these creative apricot canning recipes to change things up a little.   

Image courtesy of The Tiptoe Fairy

Asparagus

Almost all of the veggies on my plate as a kid came out of a can, and canned asparagus was one of my favorite treats.  Now that I’ve had fresh asparagus, I’ll admit that it’s a completely different thing…but I still have a soft spot in my heart for canned asparagus.  

Asparagus is a low acid vegetable, and it must be pressure canned if you’re putting it up as a simple canned vegetable.  Of course, you can also make pickled asparagus, and then it’s approved for water bath canning, just like any other pickled vegetable.  Here are a few asparagus canning recipes to get you started.

Pressure Canned Asparagus Spears

Banana

It’s important to note that bananas are not approved for canning on their own by the National Center for Food Preservation.  The site Healthy Canning has a really good write up on this, noting that:

“Bananas are a dense, low-acid fruit, with a pH ranging from 4.5 up to 5.20 depending on the variety, growing conditions, etc.  

Owing to bananas being a low-acid fruit, plain banana on its own would have to be pressure-canned to make it safe from the intense heat treatment, but no testing by reputable sources has ever been done to determine how long this very dense fruit would require to kill all nasties in all cold spots of a jar. Consequently, there are no guaranteed safe ways to can banana plain.”

From Canning Bananas on Healthy Canning

That said, there are a few safe tested canning recipes that include some banana, such as chutney with added vinegar.

Image courtesy of Confessions of an Overworked Mom

Beans, Dry

While canned green beans are a summer staple in my canning kitchen, canned dry beans take over for my winter canning.  While it’s true that dry beans keep well on their own, they take 2+ hours to cook plus overnight soaking. 

On busy weeknights, I rarely plan dinner that far ahead, and it’s nice to have a pre-made jar of healthy home-canned dry beans ready to go.

 

Canning Pinto Beans

Canning Pinto Beans

Home Canned Pinto Beans

Beans, Green

Green beans are a low acid vegetable, and canning recipes for garden-fresh beans must include either pressure canning or pickling.  That said, canning green beans is a great way to put up the harvest, and they maintain good flavor and store well as a home-canned vegetable.

Dilly beans are like cucumber pickles, and a popular old fashioned treat here in Vermont.  Since they’re pickled in vinegar, dilly beans can be water bath canned.

Dilly beans packed and ready for canning

Dilly beans packed and ready for canning

Dilly beans packed and ready for canning

Beautyberries

A stunning purple berry native to the southern half of the United States, beautyberries don’t taste all that great fresh.  The best way to use them is a homemade beautyberry jelly, which brings out their flavor and preserves them at the same time.

Beautyberries

Beets

Like most vegetables, beets need to be pressure canned to be shelf-stable on their own.  My favorite beet canning recipes involve pickling with warm spices such as allspice, cloves, and cinnamon.  The natural sweetness of the beets balanced by the tang of vinegar and the warmth of the spices creates a truly spectacular pickled treat.

Pickled Golden Beets

Blackberries

Another fruit that bears a bumper crop without tending or care, blackberries are abundant for just a few short months in the summertime.  Since they’re high sugar and high acid, water bath canning recipes are perfect for putting up the blackberry harvest.

(And if you’re really buried in blackberries, you can always try your hand at blackberry wine…)

Canning Blackberries

Canning Blackberries

Blackcurrant & Red Currant

Blackcurrants can be canned whole or my favorite way, in a warm, spicy jam. They naturally contain enough pectin without needing any added but will need a great deal of sweetness to balance the astringency. 

Red currants are closely related, but really a totally different fruit flavor-wise.  

Blueberries

Blueberries make a spectacular homemade jam, but they’re also wonderful in a whole range of preserves, from whole canned blueberries to tangy pickled blueberries.

Image courtesy of Savoring the Good

Cabbage

Cabbage is one of those veggies that stores best in a root cellar. Homemade sauerkraut will keep well all on its own, provided you have a cool dark place to store it.  Historically, sauerkraut was made in a large stoneware crocks that were stored in the basement all winter long.

In hot climates though, canning is a better option since cabbage (or sauerkraut) will only store if kept cool.

Cantaloupe

Though cantaloupe may seem like any other sweet acidic fruit, perfect for canning, it’s actually classed as a low acid fruit. Canning recipes for cantaloupe must include lemon juice or citric acid to raise acidity, but the lemon actually works well in most recipes to make tasty jam.

Alternatively, cantaloupe pickles are also an option, though it sounds strange it comes out pretty good…

Carrots

Carrots are a low acid fruit, but they can be put up using a pressure canner. Since carrots are firm, they store well as a canned vegetable and they’re perfect for tossing into wintertime soups.

Other canning recipes take advantage of the sweet/crisp nature of the vegetable and play against it by adding vinegar and spices for refreshing home-canned pickled carrots.

Image courtesy of Healthy Seasonal Recipes

Cauliflower

Cauliflower is not approved for canning on its own because there are no safe tested pressure canner recipes. That’s because cauliflower degrades in a pressure canner, when the National Center for Food Preservation began testing methods they concluded that even if they did put out recommendations, no one would want to eat the slimy mushy product that came out after an extended session in the pressure canner.

That said, cauliflower makes excellent pickles for water bath canning recipes, and it’s a traditional addition to mixed veggie pickles that are a staple of summer backyard BBQs.

Image courtesy of Curious Cuisiniere

Celery

Now I’ve seen everything!  Never in a million years would  I have thought to pickle celery, but here it is…

Cherry

Cherry hand pies are some of my favorite and my mom’s partial to homemade cherry jam.  There are plenty of pick-your-own cherry farms around these parts and we put them up every year.

“Sour cherries” have more intense cherry flavor and make better pie fillings since you’re adding sugar anyway.  Deep rich black cherries on the other hand, make a jam that tastes incredible, with dark red wine notes and a deep color that spreads beautifully on toast.

Sour Cherry Jam

Sour Cherry Jam

Chokecherry

Despite their name, wild chokecherries are a wonderfully sweet, flavorful fruit if picked completely ripe.  They’re seldom grown but commonly foraged.  Here in Vermont, they dot the roadsides and hiking trails as a special treasure that locals relish each summer.

I’d recommend making chokecherry jelly with the juice (as opposed to jam).  While I have made chokecherry jam, painstakingly removing the seeds, the results were disappointing.  The skins are bitter, and they spoil the jam.  

Homemade chokecherry jelly

Homemade chokecherry jelly

Homemade chokecherry jelly

Cornelian Cherry

A unique fruit in the dogwood family from Eastern Europe and the Middle East, Cornelian Cherries are one of the unique fruits we grow in our permaculture orchard.  They have large seeds and a sweet/tart flavor, so they’re not ideal for fresh eating. 

They are great for jam though…

home canned cornelian cherry jam

home canned cornelian cherry jam

Coconut

Canning coconut is a risky business, as there are not any guidelines or recommendations from the National Center for Food Preservation. They actually explicitly note on one page that canning coconut is untested.

I did find a few recipes, but to the best of my knowledge, they have not been tested for safety.

Corn

Sweet corn is one of the real treats of summertime, and home-canned corn preserves all that bounty for winter meals. Canning recipes for corn tend to be pretty simple because corn is sweet and flavorful on its own.

Keep in mind that corn requires pressure canning unless it’s pickled.

Image courtesy of The Grateful Girl Cooks

Cranberries

Cranberries are easy to can at home in a water bath canner, and once you’ve tried homemade cranberry sauce you’ll never go back to store-bought. The nice thing about making your own is you can control both the spices and the sweetness, making a more savory sauce that balances the tart berries with just a bit of sugar without going over the top with added sugar.

If you want to get really advanced, you can try growing your own cranberries right in your backyard. It’s easier than you think…

Open Cranberry Sauce

Open Cranberry Sauce

Cucumbers

While you can pickle just about anything, cucumbers are what most people think of when you ask them if they want a pickle with lunch. Salt and vinegar are pretty standard, but beyond that, cucumber pickle canning recipes can go in any direction.

We’ve made a number of really off the wall batches over the years, but here are a few classic pickle recipes to get you started.

Bread and Butter Pickles Canning Recipe

Bread and Butter Pickles Canning Recipe

Eggplants

I’ve never canned eggplants myself, and honestly, I didn’t know you could!  My friend Tessa at the Homestead Lady just sent me her canning recipe for Eggplant Gvetch, an old Russian Recipe.  So happy to have an eggplant canning recipe to share now!

Elderberries

Elderberries are harvested in the fall during a rather short season and can be preserved easily for use later in the year. Stemming and juicing the elderberries is the hardest part, but with a few hours of freezing, the frozen berries will pop right off.  

Fiddleheads

It can be hard to find them outside the northeast, but when they’re in season, fiddleheads are plentiful. Wild fiddleheads are collected by foragers in the spring months, from specific species of fern that put out small curled edible shoots.

Fiddleheads taste quite a bit like asparagus, only firmer. That makes them perfect for pickling!

Canning Fiddleheads

Canning Fiddleheads

Canning Fiddlehead Ferns

Figs

Figs are a low acid food, which means you need to be mindful when you select canning recipes. The national center for food preservation developed instructions for canning figs because they’re so popular with home canners, but they require the addition of either lemon juice or citric acid for safety.

Image courtesy of Flour On My Face

Flowers (Edible Varieties)

If flowers aren’t on your menu, they should be! Flowers make wonderful jelly, and pickled flower buds often taste just like commercially bought capers.

Dandelion Capers

Dandelion Capers

Dandelion Capers

Garlic

Garlic is a vegetable and it’s low acid, which means it needs to be pickled for water bath canning. There is no approved pressure canning recipe for garlic, but I’ve had luck canning it in the same way as onions. That, however, is not a tested method.

The hardneck garlic varieties we grow up here in the north also produce scapes (flower shoots), which make lovely pickles in season.

Gooseberries

Gooseberries can be red or green and are closely related to currants. With only fruit and sugar, your finished product will be rich and thick without added pectin, as gooseberries are already high in the thickener.

Grapes

Every kid knows about grape jelly, and finding a good canning recipe for homemade grape jelly is sure to put you on the favorite list with the wee ones in your life.

Grape juice is also perfect for canning, and it’s one of the few things approved for canning in half-gallon jars.

Old Fashioned Grape Jam

Greens

If you want fresh cooking greens in the winter months, like kale and spinach, a freezer is your best bet.  Lacking a freezer, canning is a good second choice.  Know that the quality will suffer a bit, but it’s a good solution for off-grid homesteaders.

Canning Collard Greens

Canning Collard Greens

Our own home-canned collard greens

Ground Cherries

Known as husk cherries, ground cherries or cape gooseberries, these little treasures taste like a cross between pineapple and strawberry. Growing ground cherries is easy, but you can also often find them at the farmer’s market.

Once you’re done canning up a storm, there are lots of other ways to use ground cherries in the kitchen.

  Two jars of husk cherry jam from homemade recipe

Two jars of husk cherry jam from homemade recipe

Ground Cherry Jam

Haskap Berries

Also known as honeyberries, these fruits ripen in the early summer here in Vermont and it’s typically my first jam of the season. Haskap berries are high in pectin and a thick jam can be produced with only fruit and sugar. 

(They also make an amazing honeyberry ice cream!)

Hawthorns

The medicinal fruits from the hawthorn tree are acidic and tart, but with added sugar can make a delicious jelly. There’s plenty of naturally occurring pectin in hawthorns, so extra is unneeded. 

Kiwi

Not exactly the first fruit you think of when it comes to jam, but kiwis are actually great in canning recipes.  

Since they’re full of natural pectin, Food 52 actually suggests using kiwis as a pectin source for jam recipes, simply adding a single kiwi to jam recipes to help them gel.  They use them to thicken up strawberry jams, since strawberries are naturally low pectin fruits.

“Packed with natural pectin, it will make any jam gel. Kiwi’s flavor is subtle, slightly tart, and not at all intrusive. […] Your jam will hold together beautifully, tasting of strawberries and sunshine and nothing more.”

Homemade Kiwi Jam

Homemade Kiwi Jam

Kumquats

A bit like a miniature orange, kumquats have a tart interior flesh and a sweet peel.  Use the whole or sliced, but leave the peel on for best flavor.

Homemade kumquat jam recipe

Homemade kumquat jam recipe

Lemons

While lemon juice is in many canning recipes, we rarely think about canning actual lemons.  Candied lemon sections in syrup are delicious, and they taste like lemon drop candies.  Home-canned lemon juice is also really convenient if you have your own lemon tree in the backyard.

Loquats

A sweet fruit from Asian cuisine, loquats taste like a mixture of citrus, mango, and peach.  And they make a delightful fruit jelly…

Image courtesy of Kopiaste

Maple

Historically, maple wasn’t stored as a “syrup” but was made into homemade maple sugar instead.  It’s much easier to store granular sugar than a liquid, especially before canning equipment and inexpensive glass jars.  These days though, canning maple syrup is quick and easy.

Maple syrup farmers call putting up the maple harvest “canning” but it isn’t actually canned in the traditional sense. Very hot syrup is poured into jars, not water bath required.

If done properly, “canned” maple syrup will keep indefinitely.  (The same method works with birch syrup and hickory syrup too.)

Home canned maple syrup ~ This batch is unfiltered and it has mineral rich maple syrup sand at the bottom.

Home canned maple syrup ~ This batch is unfiltered and it has mineral rich maple syrup sand at the bottom.

Home-canned maple syrup ~ This batch is unfiltered and it has mineral-rich maple syrup sand at the bottom.

Mango

Although it doesn’t seem like it when you bite into a slice, mango is a low acid fruit and it requires additional acid for safe canning. Mango jam is made with additional lemon juice, and chutney uses vinegar.

I’ve canned whole mango slices in syrup using plenty of added lemon juice, but this is not an approved canning recipe.

Canned Mango Slices

Canned Mango Slices

Meat & Stock

All animal products require pressure canning for safety since they’re low acid foods. That said, once you have a pressure canner at home, the sky’s the limit and you can put up all manner of meat and stock.

Pork Bone Broth Home Canning

Pork Bone Broth Home Canning

Pork Bone Broth Home Canning

Mulberry

Like blackberries that grow on trees, mulberries can be really prolific.  We plant mulberries around out chicken yard so that they clean up the drops, but there’s still plenty of mulberries for canning.  Jams are the perfect way to use this abundant fruit.

Image courtesy of Kopiaste

Okra

A tasty backyard vegetable from southern cooking, okra is a lovely summer vegetable.  Canning okra plain doesn’t work out well, so stick with okra pickles instead.

Onion

Usually a root cellar staple, homemade onion preserves can add amazing flavor to meals.  Onion canning recipes are less about preservation and more about flavor.

Image courtesy of Simple Seasonal

Orange

I loved those little canned mandarin orange slices as a kid, and now as an adult, I can them up myself.  Along with a couple of other tasty orange preserves too!

Canning Oranges Whole in Syrup

Canning Oranges Whole in Syrup

Passionfruit

My friend Kris at Attainable Sustainable tells me that passionfruit jelly is a staple on Hawaiian breakfast tables.  It’s also delicious on shortbread bars and jam thumbprint cookies.

Peaches

Putting up peaches is a summer tradition in my house, and it makes for plenty of homemade peach pies in the winter months. Most instructions for canning peaches are pretty straightforward water bath canning recipes.

How to can peaches

How to can peaches

Pears

While they’re tasty in season, fresh pears don’t store well. Canning pears is the best way to ensure a year-round supply, and they work well in basic water bath canning recipes.

Keep in mind that Asian pears are less acidic than regular pears, and they need special considerations for safe water bath canning.  Look for specific Asian pear canning recipes, and make sure they have some form of added acid (otherwise be skeptical).

Pear Jelly

Pear Jelly

Persimmon

Late fall is the perfect time to put up persimmons for long-term storage. Because fruits must be below a pH of 4.6, persimmons need a small amount of citric acid or lemon juice added before they can be safely canned in a water bath.

Peppers

I find it best to freeze sautéed peppers for use in winter chili, but I always make up a batch of pickled peppers for winter use. Pickled hot peppers make a lovely hot dog topping, and big slices of pickled sweet peppers are amazing on sandwiches.

Both hot and sweet peppers are pickled the same way.

Peppercorns

Not accessible for most of us, but if you’re living somewhere tropical you may have access to green peppercorns.  If so, try making these…

Pineapple

Once you’ve canned your own pineapple you’ll never go back to store-bought. Home-canned is alive with flavor and tastes so much fresher than tinned pineapple. Since the fruits are high acid, canning recipes for pineapple are generally used in the water bath method.

Potatoes

Large potatoes store pretty well in a root cellar, but the little ones will spoil quickly. Canning the smaller potatoes is a much better bet for long term preservation.

Prickly Pear

Prickly pears are the fruit of the nopal cactus and have a delightfully sweet and warm flavor that is unexpected. They contain no pectin and it will need it added in jelly making.  They’re also low acid fruits, and require the addition of a significant amount of lemon juice for safe canning.

If foraging your own, make sure to remove any sharp glochids that protect its flesh from predators.

Quince

You know a quince is ripe by its smell, if its aroma is mild and not at all intoxicating, some more time is needed before it’s ripe. Because this fruit is rock solid, it can only be consumed after a great deal of cooking. When turned into jam, only fruit and sugar is needed as they contain enough pectin to do the job.

Ramps (Wild Leeks)

A special wild foraged treat, ramps can only be found in the woods (or the farmer’s market) for a short season in the spring. They make particularly tasty pickles, and we love them with burgers in the winter months.

Pickled Ramps Recipe

Pickled Ramps Recipe

Raspberry & Black Raspberry

Raspberries are divine for such a short time off the vine, but they keep beautifully in home-canned preserves.

 

Homemade Black Raspberry Jam

Homemade Black Raspberry Jam

Redcurrant

Bright and sweet, the flavor profile of redcurrants is quite different from the black variety. They have a very short shelf life, so it’s best to preserve them within a day or two after harvest. 

Rhubarb

Another short season crop, rhubarb cans up for winter pies and tarts. Rhubarb jam is tart and delicious, and rhubarb bbq sauce is a treat that dates back to the Victorian era.

homemade rhubarb jam recipe for canning

homemade rhubarb jam recipe for canning

Salsa

More than just tomatoes, salsa can be made from just about anything.  Fruit salsa is lovely at a summer BBQ, and a corn or black bean salsa makes a more substantial topping.

Image courtesy of Good Life Eats

Strawberry

One of the very first berries in the spring here in Vermont, strawberries kick off the jam canning season for us.  We grow a huge patch of both summer bearing and everbearing strawberries and can up batches of jam, jelly, and whole berries every week in season.

Strawberry Rose Jam

Strawberry Rose Jam

Strawberry Rose Jam. Image courtesy of Walkerland

Sweet Potatoes

Canned sweet potatoes were a staple of the holiday season in my youth, and they make an exceptional pie or sweet potato casserole (with toasted marshmallows of course). 

We stock up on them when they’re on sale for 1/6th the normal price around the holidays, and they’re one of the ways we save $1000 in On Groceries in December by stocking up at sales.

Tomatillo

A staple of southwestern cuisine, tomatillos make wonderful enchiladas and pork stews.  They must be cooked thoroughly before eating anyway, and canning tomatillos actually saves time and energy at mealtimes.

Tomatillo Sauce Canned

Tomatillo Sauce Canned

Tomatoes

One of the most useful things to can in the summer months, tomatoes make their way into all manner of winter dishes later on.  Tomato canning recipes range from simple canned whole tomatoes to exotic tomato jams, and everything in between.

Canning Tomato Sauce

Canning Tomato Sauce

Turnips

I’ll be honest, turnips aren’t high on my canning priority list but I know they’re quite popular in many parts of the country.  If you’re ready to can them, here’s how you do it.

Watermelon

When watermelon season rolls around, I sometimes feel like I could go on a watermelon fast-eating nothing but that sweet juicy fruit.  No matter how much I eat though, there’s always more.  Canning watermelon preserves puts it all to good use, and you can even can the rind!

Image courtesy of Daily Dish Recipes

Zucchini

Every gardener knows what a blessing and a curse zucchini can be.  The first one’s wonderful, but a few hundred pounds later and it’s coming out your ears.  Canning zucchini is an easy way to put up this bumper crop of summer squash.

I’m quite fond of zucchini pickles, and this year we even made marmalade…

zucchini marmalade

zucchini marmalade

More Food Preservation Ideas

Did I miss any of your favorite canning recipes?  If so, let me know in the comments.  Otherwise…keep that preservation kitchen going with even more food preservation ideas:

How to Can Everything ~ 100+ Canning Recipes for Organized from A to Z for Preserving the Harvest #canning #foodpreservation #preservingfood #homestead #selfreliant #selfsufficiency #homesteading #pickles

How to Can Everything ~ 100+ Canning Recipes for Organized from A to Z for Preserving the Harvest #canning #foodpreservation #preservingfood #homestead #selfreliant #selfsufficiency #homesteading #pickles

 

For original article click here

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